Long CY, Wu PC, Chen HS, Lin KL, Loo Z, Liu Y, Wu CH.
Sci Rep. 2022 Mar 2;12(1):3435. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-06601-0

We aim to assess the changes in sexual function and vaginal topography using 3-D transperineal ultrasound in stress-incontinent women treated with Er:YAG vaginal laser. Two hundred and twenty women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) treated with Er:YAG laser were recruited. Assessment before and 6 months after the treatment included vaginal topography using 3-D transperineal ultrasound and sexual function using female sexual function index questionnaire (FSFI). A total of 50 women with complete data showed that the symptomatic improvement was noted in 37 (74%) women. After Er:YAG vaginal laser treatment, significantly decreased width and cross-sectional area in proximal, middle, and distal vagina were found in women with SUI. Nearly all of the domains of FSFI improved significantly after the vaginal laser treatment, except sexual desire. In conclusion, 3-D transperineal ultrasound can be used to conduct vaginal topography. After Er:YAG vaginal laser treatment, the anatomical changes of vaginal shrinkage and the improvement of female sexual function were both noted. The favorable outcome of sexual function partly related to the tightening of vagina, as evidenced by the measurements of the 3-D transperineal ultrasound.
Subject terms: Diagnosis, Medical imaging, Ultrasonography, Outcomes research

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