ISSN (print):1855-9913 | ISSN (web): 1855-9921
REVIEW: Photoacoustic Endodontics using PIPS™: Experimental Background and Clinical Protocol
Giovani Olivi, Enrico DiVito
The goal of endodontic treatment is to obtain effective cleaning and decontamination of the smear layer, bacteria and their byproducts within the root canal system. Clinically, traditional endodontic techniques use mechanical instruments as well as ultrasonic and chemical irrigation in an attempt to shape, clean and completely decontaminate the endodontic system, but still fall short of successfully removing all of the infective microorganisms and debris. This is because of the complex root canal anatomy and the inability of common irrigants to penetrate into the lateral canals and the apical ramifications. It seems, therefore, appropriate to search for new materials, techniques and technologies that can improve the cleaning and decontamination of these anatomical areas.